Boolean logic defines logical relationships between terms in a search. The Boolean search operators are and, Boutique winter Cardigan Cardigan Vince Boutique winter Vince Boutique or and not. You can use these operators to create a very broad or very narrow search.
- And combines search terms so that each search result contains all of the terms. For example, winter winter Cardigan Cardigan Boutique Vince Boutique Boutique Vince Cardigan winter Boutique Cardigan Vince Boutique Vince Boutique winter travel and Europe finds articles that contain both travel and Europe.
- Or combines search terms so that each search result contains at least one of the terms. For example, college or university finds results that contain either college or university.
- Boutique Vince Boutique winter Boutique Cardigan Vince winter Cardigan Not excludes terms so that each search result does not contain any of the terms that follow it. For example, television not cable finds results that contain television but not cable.
- When executing a search, And takes precedence over Or.
- When you search EBSCO Discovery Service, your library administrator may require Boolean Operators be capitalized (AND, OR, NOT).
The following table illustrates the operation of Boolean terms:
|winter Boutique Boutique Cardigan Vince Vince Cardigan winter Boutique And||Or||Not|
|Each result contains all search terms.||Each result contains at least one search term.||Results do not contain the specified terms.winter Leisure Athletic Leisure Shorts Nike winter Ezqw5TCF|
|The search heart Boutique Vince Boutique Vince winter winter Boutique Cardigan Cardigan and lung finds items that contain Cardigan Cardigan winter Boutique Vince Vince Boutique winter Boutique both heart and lung.||The search heart or lung finds items that contain either heart or items that contain lung.||The search heart not Cardigan Cardigan Boutique winter winter Boutique Boutique Vince Vince lung finds items that contain heart but do not contain lung.|
When a single Find field is displayed, you can enter search terms in the Find field, and combine with AND, OR, and NOT. (For example, Roosevelt NOT Franklin.)
When Guided-Style winter Boutique Boutique Boutique Cardigan Cardigan Vince winter Vince Find fields are displayed, you can enter search terms in each Find field, and select AND, OR, and NOT from the Boolean drop-down lists.
With longer search strings, you can combine many terms in a search with the AND operator, which will narrow your search results. For example, heart AND lung AND bypass AND artery will provide a more focused search than heart AND lung OR bypass OR artery.
To make even better use of Boolean operators, you can enclose search terms and their operators in parentheses to specify the order in which they are interpreted. Information within parentheses is read first, and then information outside parentheses is read next. For example, (heart OR lung) AND bypass will return different results than heart OR lung AND bypass.
Using Booleans and Parentheses
To make even better use of Boolean operators, you can use parentheses to nest query terms within other query terms.
You can enclose search terms and their operators in parentheses to specify the order in which they are interpreted. Information within parentheses is read first, then information outside parentheses is read next. For example,
When you enter (mouse OR rat) AND trap, the search engine retrieves results containing the word mouse or the word rat together with the word trap in the fields searched by default.
If there are nested parentheses, the search engine processes the Cardigan Cardigan Boutique winter winter Vince Vince Boutique Boutique innermost parenthetical expression first, then the next, and so on until the entire query has been interpreted. For example,
Boutique Vince Cardigan Boutique Cardigan winter Boutique Vince winter ((mouse OR rat) AND trap) OR mousetrap
Using Booleans When Phrase Searching
When Boolean operators are contained within a phrase that is enclosed in quotation marks, the operator is treated as a stop word. When this is the case, any single word will be searched for in its place.